Blue vinyl swimming pool liners are susceptible to bleaching or loss of color if exposed to chlorine concentrations that are too high. If recommended concentrations are adhered to, slight bleaching and fading occurs gradually over a period of several years. This is due to the limitations of the pigments available to match the desired blue shades, and occurs with all vinyl manufacturers.
Direct contact of the liner with trichloroisocyanurate stabilized chlorine can result in an almost total bleaching of color in a time period as short as 6 to 24 hours. This is because of a high available chlorine content (90%), the low solubility (rate of dissipation of the granules or pucks), and the extremely low pH produced in the contact areas.
The immediate effects of other types of chlorine, such as dichlorisocyanurate, calcium hypochlorite, sodium hypochlorite (liquid chlorine), are not as rapid and severe — as long as they are not mixed with other chemicals, during or shortly after addition to the pool. Solutions of the above chlorines can be applied directly to the liner for several hours to bleach stains without adversely affecting the liners.
If the concentrations of the above chlorines are allowed to remain higher than the recommended levels (5.0 ppm for superchlorination, or 10.0 ppm for shocking) for long periods of time, gradual bleaching of most blue liners will occur.
Liner colors, other than medium shade blue, that have almost total resistance to chlorine bleaching and color fading are: white, turquoise, light blue, grey and dark royal blue. The print patters pool liners have excellent resistance to bleaching in most cases. The exceptions are medium blue prints, which can only be obtained with the inclusion of a bleach-able blue pigment.